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Fluorescence Lifetime Measurement For Studying Evaporation Of Bi-Component Droplet

Minghao Wang (1), Mehdi Stiti (2), Guillaume Castanet (1)

1. LEMTA, Nancy, France
2. IMFT, Toulouse, France


Sprays are essential in engineering applications like evaporators and combustion chambers. Predicting the evaporation of multi-component liquid droplets is complex due to changing composition and properties. Measuring droplet composition is challenging, with limited non-intrusive methods available. Raman spectroscopy faces hurdles like weak signals and interference. Intensity based Laser-Induced Fluorescence (LIF) requires optical models to interpret data due to varying droplet size and position. Fluorescent dyes in liquid mixtures are sensitive to temperature, complicating measurements. Fluorescence lifetime measurements offer a promising alternative, being an absolute quantity less affected by reabsorption. This study develops a novel method using fluorescence lifetime to analyze droplet composition, leveraging Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) for precise measurements. Factors such as dye concentration, solvent polarity, and temperature sensitivity are investigated. Calibration curves for ethanol-water mixtures correlate fluorescence lifetime with volume fraction. Experimental setups use TCSPC and femtosecond lasers for dye excitation. Results show that fluorescence lifetime decreases linearly with solvent polarity and is influenced by temperature and dye concentration. High dye concentrations cause self-quenching, altering temperature sensitivity. The method was applied to study the evaporation of ethanol-water droplets under acoustic levitation. Findings indicate that evaporation rates slow as the water fraction increases, with initial measurements showing higher water content due to partial evaporation. This research introduces a novel technique for droplet compositional analysis using fluorescence lifetime, providing insights into optimizing measurement accuracy and advancing understanding in engineering and related fields.

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