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Application Of Two Dye Two-Color Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy On Droplets Of Green Solvent Mixtures Containing Water And Ethanol

Hannah Ulrich, Lars Zigan

UniBw München, Neubiberg, Germany


In order to reach a higher sustainability, the utilization of green solvents is decisive in many technical applications. Water and ethanol substitute more complex solvents, showing advantages like ecological manufacturing, reusability or biodegradation. Both liquids are found in various industrial areas, ranging from a use as additives in biofuels, coolants or solvents for extraction in pharmaceutical, medical or food industries. Regarding these industrial processes, important variables are the liquid phase temperature and the composition in binary fluids. The focus of this work is two dye two-color laser induced fluorescence (2c-LIF) measurements in ethanol, water and their mixtures. Liquid phase thermometry via 2c LIF requires a selection of suitable fluorescence dyes regarding solubility, temperature sensitivity and the interaction among the dyes themselves. A mixture of a temperature sensitive and a temperature insensitive dye is used in order to reach a large change in signal ratio for thermometry. In this work, two dyes – fluorescein disodium (FL) and sulforhodamine 101 (SRh), as proposed by Chaze et al. (Chaze et al. 2016) – are analyzed regarding their absorption and emission behavior in various ethanol/water mixtures, which are examples of "green solvents". The absorption spectra of the dissolved dye mixture are measured with a spectrophotometer at temperatures from 293 K to 343 K. Information on the temperature dependent absorption of the single dyes and reabsorption effects in ethanol/water mixtures is obtained. Additionally, the fluorescence of the mixtures is analyzed spectrally and by an imaging system. Therefore, a fiber coupled spectrometer and a system with two sCMOS cameras equipped with a long distance (LD) microscope are applied for simultaneous detection of the signal of tempered solutions a monodisperse droplet chain. A study of small droplets with sizes below 50 μm are evaluated and the limit of the spectral detection system is determined and discussed. The application of the measurement technique to several solvent mixtures is investigated. Additionally, an application for composition investigations of binary water/ethanol droplets via 3c-LIF is proposed.

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