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Characterizing Femtosecond Laser Tagging Performance With A 1030 Nm Yb:KGW Laser And Application To Continuous 50 KHz Velocimetry

Weixiao Wang, Rishav Choudhary, Christopher Limbach

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, United States


This paper presents a comprehensive evaluation of unseeded Femtosecond Laser Electronic Excitation Tagging (FLEET) using a 1030 nm Yb:KGW femtosecond laser. In the first part of this work, fundamental studies were conducted in a vacuum chamber to assess the fluorescence process in dry air and nitrogen. Specifically, the effects of pressure, pulse energy, and focal length on the temporal decay of the nitrogen first and second positive band emission are quantified and reported. The results show similar trends to previous reports of FLEET emission behavior at other visible and near infra-red excitation wavelengths, indicating that the same fundamental fluorescence mechanism occurs after 1030 nm excitation. In the second part of this work, we explore the application of 1030 nm FLEET to continuous high-speed velocimetry in an under-expanded laboratory jet. Unseeded velocity measurements at 50 kHz in air were acquired at several points in the flow using burst gating of a high-speed intensifier. Frequency domain analysis of over 50,000 time-resolved measurements show strong periodic fluctuations near 8 kHz due to an acoustic resonance near the jet exit. Analysis of the streamwise velocity autocorrelation is shown to provide a means to separate uncorrelated random measurement error from true flow fluctuations. These results establish a first demonstration of continuous, high-speed FLEET measurements at 1030 nm and provides foundational data to inform future applications of this unseeded velocimetry technique in turbulent high-speed flows.

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