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Wing-to-Wall Distance Effect On The Large-Scale Turbulent Structures Interacting With A Wall

Taha Taibi (1), Lionel Fiabane (1), Grégory Nesen (1), Laetitia Del Fabbro (2), Dominique Heitz (1)

1. INRAE, Rennes, France
2. Renault Group, Guyancourt, France


We experimentally investigate the effect of the wing-to-wall distance, also called ground clearance, on the three-dimensional flow generated by a wing at a 4° angle of attack and a chord Reynolds number of 1400. We perform 3D velocity measurements using Particle tracking velocimetry to characterize the wake downstream of the wing, evaluate the evolution of the intensity and the size of the wingtip and secondary counter-rotating vortices, and finally compute the aerodynamic coefficients using momentum balance equations. We extended the control volume method for drag and lift calculation to the case where the transverse plane downstream of the wing does not contain the whole wake. The secondary flow's vorticity isocontours and velocity vectors show a decrease in the downwash and vortex size with the ground clearance ratio (i.e., as we approach the ground). The computation of the circulation shows that this latter decays rapidly streamwise as we get closer to the wall, indicating a dissipation of the kinetic energy contained in the trailing vortices. The aerodynamic coefficients' results based on the control volume method show that the tested wing manifests a two-force regime evolution of the drag coefficient with the ground clearance ratio, as it first decreases when moving far from the ground before increasing as we move farther from the ground. A noteworthy high lift is generated when too close to the ground. Further application of the extended control volume method on DNS data is needed to validate the method.

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