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Spatial And Temporal Modes On A Generic Tandem Configuration In Transonic Shock Buffet

Christopher Julian Schauerte, Anne-Marie Schreyer

Institute of Aerodynamics RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany


Certain combinations of upstream flow conditions in transonic flight may incite a highly unsteady shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction, often referred to as transonic buffet. The coupling of periodic shock motion and intermittent separation are seen to convey a characteristic unsteadiness on the evolution of the turbulent wake. This article uses high-speed focusing schlieren and PIV measurements at high spatial resolution to characterize the temporal and spectral modes governing the flow past a generic 2D tandem configuration. This interaction, consisting of an OAT15A supercritical airfoil as the main wing, and a NACA 64A-110 profile representing the tailplane, is investigated at chord-based Reynolds numbers of 2 million and 1 million, respectively, and compared against fully-established shock buffet conditions in an isolated airfoil scenario operated at identical inflow conditions. Strongest buffet is observed in both configurations for a Mach number of 0.72 and an angle of attack of 5 deg, occurring at frequencies of 112 Hz, and 103 Hz. Despite an equally periodic nature of the buffet unsteadiness, both shock amplitude and frequency are seen to decrease slightly in the tandem interaction. Global spectral analysis performed on the entire field of view identifies the buffet instability as the governing mode in both flow scenarios, imposing its unsteadiness even far downstream of its origin, allowing to extract relevant sensor locations for a subsequent localized assessment of the involved time scales. Except from the buffet mode, complementing DMD analyses reveal a strong influence of a vortex shedding mode throughout the entire buffet cycle. Mode shapes and associated frequencies furthermore suggest an intermittent low-frequency/large wavelength and high-frequency/low wavelength behavior, involving leading contributions between 2000 Hz and 4000 Hz.

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