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Experimental Study On Pressure-Velocity Relation Of Near-Field Tip Vortex Using Tomographic PIV

Hang Zhao, Wenxuan She, Qi Gao, Xueming Shao

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China


The non-cavitating tip vortex in the near field of an elliptical hydrofoil is studied using tomographic particle image velocimetry (TPIV). By investigating the distributions of the axial velocity difference and streamwise vorticity, the formation and development of the near-field tip vortex are clearly revealed. In the near field, the axial flow within the tip vortex manifests a jet-like profile, and the majority of the vorticity is contained within the vortex core. A special position is identified during the streamwise evolution of the tip vortex, where the vortex core circulation reaches its local maximum for the first time and tip vortex cavitation (TVC) might be more prone to incept. In the vicinity of this crucial position, a concise relation between the static pressure along the tip vortex center line and the local velocity is derived by combining the three-dimensional measured velocity fields with the governing equations. Based on the Reynoldsaveraged Navier-Stokes equation, it is revealed that the mean static pressure along the vortex center line is directly related to the local mean axial velocity, whereas the local velocity fluctuation has little impact on the mean static pressure. It is the first attempt to combine the three-dimensional measurement with the governing equations to investigate the near-field tip vortex flow, which might provide valuable insights for understanding and predicting tip vortex cavitation inception.

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