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Wall Shear Stress Characteristics Of A Turbulent Boundary Layer Obtained With Multi-Aperture Defocusing Micro-PTV And High-Speed Stereo Profile-PIV

Joachim Klinner, Christian Willert

DLR Institute of Propulsion Technology, Koeln, Germany


A multi-aperture 3d 3c micro PTV system is presented which relies on single window optical access for both high-speed tracer illumination and image recording. Similar to the “defocusing” concept described by C. Willert & Gharib (1992), the wall distance of individual particles is obtained from the size of projected particle image triplets formed by a triplet of apertures on the entrance pupil of the microscope lens. The present article extends upon previously published material Klinner & Willert (2022) by applying multi-aperture micro particle tracking velocimetry (MA-micro PTV) on a canonical turbulent boundary layer (TBL) to track the near-wall motion of tracer particles with the aim of estimating the unsteady wall-shear stress from particle tracks. The technique is validated with measurements of a TBL inside the closed test section of the 1 m wind tunnel of DLR in Göttingen (1mWK) at free- stream velocities of 5.2 to20 m/s with corresponding shear Reynolds numbers between 560 and 1630. In the viscous sublayer, the probability density distributions of stream- and span-wise wall shear stress (WSS) components could be reliably captured down to probability densities of 10E−3. As far as we know, this has not been achieved in the past, particularly not for the span-wise component. For the stream-wise component the measured Reynolds-number dependency of the root mean squared fluctuations agrees to correlations by Örlü & Schlatter (2011). Furthermore, the skewness of the stream-wise WSS agrees well to values from DNS. On the other hand, the span-wise WSS fluctuations consistently underestimate the predicted DNS values, for which it is assumed that the deviation can be explained by the rapid decrease of the span-wise velocity fluctuations with increasing wall distance. Wall-normal profiles of 3c velocity statistics were obtained by bin averaging of particle velocities. Up into the buffer layer, these profiles agree well with profiles from stereo PIV as well as from DNS and LES, indicating an accurate determination of both near-wall velocities and inner scaling.

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