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Light Reflections Detection And Correction For Robotic Volumetric PIV

Laura Porcar Galan, Adrian Grille Guerra, Andrea Sciacchitano, Fulvio Scarano

TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands


Laser light reflection mitigation in Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is crucial for accurate flow field measurements. While numerous methods exist for planar PIV, fewer have been developed for volumetric PIV systems, and in particular for coaxial setups like robotic volumetric PIV. Light reflections in volumetric PIV experiments result in high-intensity regions that corrupt particle detection and analysis. This study presents a novel approach for treating light reflections in robotic volumetric PIV experiments. The proposed method uses image filtering and masking techniques in the wavenumber space to separate particle images from reflection regions. The process involves decomposing the image signal into low- and high-wavenumber components using the 2D discrete Fourier transform (DFT) to then use a high-pass filter to attenuate the intensity of the reflection regions. Finally, a step of automated adaptive masking is applied to remove residual reflection areas that the filtering is not able to eliminate. The proposed approach is tested on experimental data obtained from experiments performed using robotic volumetric PIV on two different geometries: a side-view mirror and a rotating two-blade propeller. Comparison between raw and pre-processed images, as well as particle tracking results, is presented. The results from this data comparison show successful removal of reflection-induced artifacts in instantaneous images by using the spatial Fourier filter automated masking approach. The developed image pre-processing strategy effectively removes unsteady light reflection regions in robotic volumetric PIV images, preventing the appearance of spurious particle tracks and improving the accuracy of flow field measurements. The spatial gaps introduced by the masking procedure can be easily filled in via measurements from multiple directions, which are promptly achieved via the robotic volumetric PIV approach.

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