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Characterising Horizontal Two-Phase Flows Using Structured-Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence (S-PLIF) Coupled With Simultaneous Two-Phase PIV (S2P-PIV)

Ahmed Abou Sherif, David B Hann, Kathy Johnson

University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom


Understanding the physics that underpins the behaviours of two-phase flows is immensely useful for a diverse number of industries, including oil and gas, nuclear and aerospace. Stratified air-liquid two phase flows are amenable to the application of two-phase PIV but this is often only possible if PIV processing parameters can be chosen to match the separate gas and liquid phase image sets. Accurate interface location detection is therefore extremely important to facilitate appropriate masking during analysis. This paper examines the eVectiveness of using the Structured-Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (S-PLIF) method to aid in the accurate capture and processing of simultaneous two-phase PIV (S2P-PIV) for a gas-sheared liquid flow. Prior S2P-PIV work made use of direct interface detection, using contrast on images from the air-side camera. However, this method proved limiting in higher gas shear cases, when the highly wavy nature of the flow prevented the camera from seeing all of the interface. An alternative prior approach using the liquid-side camera and the planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) technique often led to large errors due to reflections from the free surface. Interface detection using the S-PLIF method facilitates a clearer delineation between the two phases, through analysis of the change in structure of the incident light, significantly reducing errors generated by the traditional PLIF. This then facilitates higher quality PIV analysis, both because interface identification is far more accurate and also because frame specific masking, of the individual phases, can be more automated. This paper presents air/water data from a rectangular channel with a liquid flowrate of 8 litres per minute and superficial gas velocities in the range 1 - 14 m/s. Data capture of the two phases is concurrent with the developed S-PLIF approach used to locate the interface, enabling separate and more accurate PIV analysis of the two phases over a wider parametric range than was previously possible. The data analysis shows that the transition to the disturbance/roll wave regimes is associated with a change in the liquid’s axial velocity profile and a significant increase in normalised axial velocity root-mean-square velocity fluctuation. Data-sets from this work can be used to accurately describe high-speed gas sheared two-phase flows that will be extremely useful for CFD model development and validation.

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