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Revisit Liu & Katz (2006) And Zigunov & Charonko (2024): On The Equivalency Of Omni-Directional Integration And Pressure Poisson Equation

Connor Pryce (1), Lanyu Li (2), Zhao Pan (1)

1. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
2. University of Waterloo, On, Canada


In this paper we demonstrate the equivalency of Omni-Directional Integration (ODI) and the Pressure Poisson Equation (PPE) for pressure field reconstruction from corrupted image velocimetry data. Over the years, it has been long debated which of the two families of methods is better for pressure reconstruction, direct pressure gradient integration (particularly ODI) versus PPE. Some have claimed that ODI is fundamentally different, and far more accurate than PPE; while other studies observed similar reconstruction accuracy between ODI and PPE (McClure & Yarusevych, 2017). This debate has been filled with confusion and conflicting results until a recent breakthrough by Zigunov & Charonko (2023, 2024) while trying to improve the computational efficiency of ODI. In a series of works, Zigunov & Charonko (2023, 2024) reformulated the iterative integration process of ODI into a system of linear equations resembling the discretized PPE, alluding to a deep connection between ODI and PPE. With careful numerical treatment, we show that ODI can be viewed as pursuing the minimal norm solution to a Poisson equation with pure Neumann boundary conditions. We provide a detailed and physical explanation for why some have reported poor robustness of the PPE, highlighting critical nuances in its numerical implementation, and explain why the ODI is more robust to random noise in the data. We hope to put an end to the PPE versus ODI debate and clear up the confusion surrounding how these and when these methods perform well. With these new comprehensions, we can leverage the established regularization techniques and efficient numerical algorithms of elliptic equations to improve PPE/ODI-based pressure field reconstruction.

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