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Two-Photon Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence Of Near-Wall CO During The Interaction Between A Flame And A Cooling Air Film

Antoine Blaise, Gilles Godard, Alexis Vandel, Frédéric Grisch, Pradip Xavier

CNRS-CORIA & INSA Rouen Normandie, Rouen, France


Reducing the anthropogenic pollutant emissions is a major concern in the aeronautical community. Implementing high-power density core engines made of lighter materials would undoubtedly increase the thermal efficiency and reduce CO 2 emissions. Nevertheless, near-wall combustion processes will become significant, raising concerns regarding thermal management. As a result, walls in aero-engine combustors are commonly cooled, but it also introduces more complex physical phenomena associated to pollutant formation during flame-cooling air interaction (FCAI). This experimental study aims at elucidating the role of the cooling air film on CO emissions during FCAI. The experiments are conducted in an atmospheric pressure and optically-accessible lab-scale combustion test rig dedicated to near-wall combustion. It generates a lean premixed turbulent methane/air V-shaped flame, with one branch of the flame that interacts with an oil-cooled stainless-steel wall. A splash-cooling plate system enables to generate a momentum-controlled parietal cooling air film. The novelty of this study is to develop and implement planar laser-induced fluorescence of the CO molecule (CO-PLIF), complemented by planar laser-induced fluorescence of the OH radical (OH-PLIF) as well as global CO emissions in the exhaust gases. Results show that the excitation of the Hopfield-Birge system enables to detect the AN ngström bands and the third positive system. However, significant interferences with C 2 and CN emissions are highlighted, being more pronounced in rich combustion conditions, and originating from the incomplete fuel oxidation as well as the high energy density of the two-photon excitation process. A broadband collection strategy of the AN ngström bands is selected, since these interferences are limited in lean combustion regimes. The analysis of the flame dynamics indicates that the increase of the cooling air film momentum shifts the reactive flow away from the wall, but also controls the flame wrinkling through modified aerodynamics. As a result, the flame is not influenced anymore by thermal quenching processes, and can effectively burn further away from the wall. Global emission measurements indicate an increase in CO when the cooling air film momentum increases. While thermal quenching favors a faster oxidation downstream of the flame, the establishment of the cooling air film leads to a longer flame with more production areas. CO-PLIF imaging concurs this phenomenon, with a CO distribution all along the wall when the cooling air film is well established.

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