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The Interaction Between In-Cylinder Flow And Flame Propagation In An Optical SI Engine Measured By High-Speed PIV

Y. Ikeda

i-Lab., Inc. KIBC 213 5-5-2 Minatojima-Minami, Chuo, Kobe, 650-0047 Japan

The relationship between the flow field and flame propagation is essential in determining the dynamics and effects of turbulent flow in an optical SI engine. In this study, the high-speed PIV technique was applied to evaluate the incylinder velocity and turbulence distribution under firing condition. The simultaneous measurement technique of incylinder flow and flame propagation characterized the relationship between flow field and flame propagation in the same cycle. A 500 cc single-cylinder optical engine was used for this experiment. The bore diameter and stroke length were 86 mm and 86 mm respectively, and compression ratio was 10.4. The flame front configuration was extracted from the PIV image based on planar laser tomography method. The strong contrast between the intensity of burned and unburned region in the captured images due to low gas and seed density of the former was utilized to derive this flame front. In order to evaluate the interaction between flame and flow with high resolution, the interrogation area was set to 16 × 16 pixels. This corresponds to 0.75 × 0.75 mm. The spatial filter of 6 mm was used to separate the instantaneous flow velocity into a low frequency component and a high frequency component. The engine speed was 1200 rpm and absolute intake pressure was 60 kPa. The equivalence ratio was stoichiometry condition. The ignition timing were set to 19 deg.BTDC. The characteristic cycles in the same test condition were extracted and discussed. The bulk flow with the large scale as large as the size of the combustion chamber influences the overall shape of the flame propagation, and the state of the flame propagation greatly fluctuates from cycle to cycle. The flame propagates with enhancing the large scale existing tumble flow that exists in earlier crank angle locations. Focusing on the local flame structure, the high-frequency velocity component was strong near the local flame peak and weak near the local flame valley. The flame at the local peak region propagates while pulling the valley region.

20th Edition
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